Information and translations of disease outbreak in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. WHO’s primary role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations’ system. Any epidemic outbreak causes understandable panic. There has been an outbreak of broken windows in the street. Health Details: Reporting from Local Health Departments to CDPH Local health departments that determine that a cluster of COVID-19 cases constitutes an outbreak should report the outbreak to CDPH using the Novel Coronavirus 2019 disease outbreak condition in CalREDIE or an alternate established process. n. 1. Case definition, in epidemiology, set of criteria used in making a decision as to whether an individual has a disease or health event of interest. For example, this Importantly, the definition is standardized for routine surveillance and maybe adopted during an outbreak. Symptoms and outbreak definitions apply to any of the a bove three kinds of outbreaks. Prevention: Slowing the Spread of Pandemic Disease. Case definitions are used in ongoing public health surveillance to track the occurrence and distribution of disease within … The case definition describes what to report and count. Define outbreak. If COVID-19 testing has not been done, it may also be considered in these … ‘According to the National Disease Surveillance Centre, last year's outbreaks caused at least 2,000 people to become ill.’ ‘Conditions in Australian cities were so poor that Sydney suffered an outbreak of plague at the turn of the century.’ Outbreak definition, a sudden breaking out or occurrence, especially of something bad or unpleasant; eruption: the outbreak of war. All Free. Outbreak Definition and Reporting Guidance. An epidemic typically starts and spreads quickly. A good example is cholera, where one initially aims to use a confirmed case definition through laboratory testing results to determine whether an outbreak is present. Outbreak and cluster definitions. Cluster: It is an aggregation of cases in a given area over a particular period without regard to whether the … There’s no sure way to prevent the spread of disease during an outbreak, epidemic, or pandemic. It may affect a small and localized group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent. Researchers provide the first-ever case definition for fresh-water skin disease in bottlenose dolphins tied to climate change. Outbreak case definitions are often sensitive at the beginning of an outbreak and become more specific with time. Non-COVID-19 Respiratory Outbreaks. Traduzioni aggiuntive: Inglese: Italiano: outbreak of [sth] n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. WHO main areas of work include: health systems, promoting health through the life-course, noncommunicable diseases, communicable diseases, corporate services, preparedness, surveillance and response. An outbreak of Legionnaires' disease is then a special case of a cluster where a common source is suspected.. A sudden increase. Occasionally, the amount of disease in a community rises above the expected level. Outbreaks include epidemics, which term is normally only used for infectious … Developing outbreak case definitions: A case definition includes criteria for person, place, time, and clinical features. A sudden increase: an outbreak of influenza. Confirmed disease outbreak means a FOODBORNE DISEASE OUTBREAK in which laboratory analysis of appropriate specimens identifies a causative agent and epidemiological analysis implicates the FOOD as the source of the illness.IDAPA 16.02.19.110.03. to ensure that an outbreak is actually occurring. Related Definitions. n. 1. Search disease outbreaks and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. In more serious situations, however, a team of experts with varying expertise may be mobilised. Low case definition concordance and lack of awareness of regional differences by national-level health officials could reduce effectiveness of cross-border communication and collaboration. The word "outbreak" is a term used in epidemiology.It describes what happens when a disease becomes widespread that first thought. An outbreak is defined as anytime there are more cases of a disease than expected in a specific area. outbreak (plural outbreaks) An eruption; the sudden appearance of a rash, disease, etc. Disease outbreak synonyms, Disease outbreak pronunciation, Disease outbreak translation, English dictionary definition of Disease outbreak. The high incidence, seasonal pattern and frequent outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) represent a threat for billions of children around the world. outbreak - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Diseases can have similar symptoms, so a definitive diagnosis my require samples to be collected and sent to a well-equipped laboratory. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to … Definition of outbreak noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Outbreak: Epidemic limited to localized increase in the incidence of disease (such as village, town, or closed institution) can be termed as outbreak. Since mumps are extremely rare, thanks to vaccines, only a … In epidemiology, an outbreak is a sudden increase in occurrences of a disease in a particular time and place. However, real-time prediction of HFMD outbreaks is usually challenging because of its … 2. ... epidemic - a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time. If laboratory testing in a non-healthcare congregate setting has identified an outbreak of another laboratory-confirmed respiratory viral infection (not COVID-19), the CDPH Influenza and Respiratory Illness Outbreak Quicksheet should be used instead of this document. Outbreak definition: If there is an outbreak of something unpleasant , such as violence or a disease, it... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples (figuratively) An outburst or sudden eruption, especially of violence and mischief. An outbreak is an event that sometimes cannot be controlled for several months or years. What does disease outbreak mean? Even when an outbreak is over, a thorough epidemiologic and environmental investigation often can increase our knowledge of a given disease and prevent future outbreaks. ‘We learned of a deadly cholera outbreak in the area.’ ‘Their clan elders, however, are attempting to calm them down, fearing the outbreak of civil war.’ ‘According to the National Disease Surveillance Centre, last year's outbreaks caused at least 2,000 people to become ill.’ A clear definition of a disease outbreak is therefore an essential prerequisite for the evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of forecasting, early warning, or early detection. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. For a small outbreak of a non‐lethal disease, an individual can be dispatched to investigate. “Consent Order.” A consent order is an enforceable agreement between the regulatory authority and the license … Assemble an investigation team, create a case definition and calculate counts. definition of outbreak … : figurative (appearance) (figurato): scoppio nm sostantivo maschile: Identifica un essere, un oggetto o un concetto che assume genere maschile: medico, gatto, strumento, assegno, dolore (figurato)esplosione nf sostantivo femminile: Identifica un essere, un oggetto … A basic working definition for a cluster of Legionnaires' disease cases is essentially multiple cases that may be linked in space and time. An outbreak can affect a small group or affect thousands of people across the world. As more laboratory or epidemiological information becomes available, the case definition is changed to become more specific to filter out cases not related to the outbreak. Outbreak Definition . This will vary depending on the disease, for example, in an Ebola outbreak all possible efforts are made to test all suspected cases. 2. They occur somewhat regularly around the world, but you might not know much about an epidemic unless it is directly impacting your community. Detecting pre-outbreak signals of HFMD facilitates the timely implementation of appropriate control measures. A clinical case definition usually involves a combination of symptoms, their duration, and possibly exposure to other infected people or some other source. Meaning of disease outbreak. Looking ahead, developing the means to predict and prevent infectious disease outbreak and emergence requires collaboration of scientific knowledge like Dallas' to … Search Within Disease outbreak Definitions. Definition of Disease outbreak. Epidemic: A disease outbreak specific to one city, region, or country. Click here to search for "" within Disease outbreak Definitions. Epidemic refers to an increase, often sudden, in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected in that population in that area. outbreak synonyms, outbreak pronunciation, outbreak translation, English dictionary definition of outbreak. Outbreak carries the same definition of epidemic, but is often used for a more limited geographic area. "Person" describes key characteristics the patients share in common. Establishing a case definition is an imperative step in quantifying the magnitude of disease in a population. 2. occasionally, L. pneumophila urinary antigen positive cases are detected which do not fit into the definition of Pontiac fever and have no evidence of any pneumonia [1] Another species of Legionella , L. micdadei , is responsible for a similar form of the illness without pneumonia called Lochgoilhead fever after an outbreak in Lochgoilhead, Scotland. Definition of disease outbreak in the Definitions.net dictionary. Outbreak investigations, an important and challenging component of epidemiology and public health, can help identify the source of ongoing outbreaks and prevent additional cases. Case definition complexity increased over time; all countries included more criteria per category than the WHO standard definition did, except for the "case contact" and "confirmed" categories. Laboratory confirmation for all cases may be a challenge for many diseases in these contexts. A sudden increase: an outbreak of influenza. A sensitive case definition casts the net wide and captures a large number of cases. The outbreak definition typically comprises the three elements of investigation, person, place and time: persons affected, symptoms, location, time frame and any other circumstances associating cases with a particular outbreak. See more. 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