For example, if you're explaining why you are so happy you can say "Yesterday was my birthday". です (desu) is similar to “is” or “am” in English. Comment by Rafa on 02/25/2014 at 6:48 pm Byouki is actually not a na-adjective. Please consider visiting my Reading and Writing section to get started if you haven’t yet. “Omoshiroi” is a full sentence in Japanese that could mean “That’s funny.” If you add “da” after it, the sentence is grammatically incorrect. Japanese grammar worksheets, lesson plans, games and useful links for expressing things you heard, it seems like, it looks like - I heard, people say that, someone said, news, そうです etc. I know that '~ sou desu' is used for "I heard" or "it seems" or "it looks (like)". Deshou and darou mean that something will probably happen or seems like it will happen. Example #5. Don’t be surprised if you hear different things like this, but be aware that it could be a regional thing. Learn Japanese with these eleven free grammar exercises. Some Notes on Japanese Grammar. My Japanese teacher would always punctuate the end of her sentences with a very powerful です (desu). Source(s): japanese desu grammar question: … 3 thoughts on “ Mysterious Japanese grammar: using the を(wo) particle with だ (da)・です (desu) ? 2. Grammar arimasen da desu japanese grammar ku nai nihongo. You are a student, aren't you? Romaji literally means “Roman letters” in Japanese, which you know as the alphabet. Most native-Japanese speakers would say お蔭(かげ)さまで “O-kagé-sama de.” This is a phrase which is very difficult to translate but it’s very common in Japan. Learning grammar rules one at a time is painful. It only takes a minute to sign up. The guide is divided into about 400 numbered sections, most of which highlight Japanese sentences taken from the lessons. I’m going to give you information about this particular word in the first part, but stick around for the rest because there are quite a few different forms of this word that you will need to know as well. We also use the suffix ~chan when we are talking to babies, young children or young women. Namiko Abe. © 2020 JapaneseMEOW – All rights reserved, Powered by  – Designed with the Customizr theme, Read and Write Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji, Building a Basic Japanese sentence: WA and DESU (は and です), Please pay close attention to the way I colored the words. ... N + sou desu is acceptable. は (wa) always comes after the topic of the sentence. ... Browse other questions tagged grammar or ask your own question. Japanese grammar yoku shita mono desu This is JPPGG bunpo principle #87. In formal Japanese, でしょう (deshou) replaces です (desu). You can think of it as like the English "to be" except it does not show existence--Japanese uses two other verbs for that いる iru and ある … Japanese Sentence Plain form no desu - Intermediate Lessons: 3 This lesson will teach you how to make your Japanese sentence sounds more natural using the grammar Plain form のです (Plain form no desu).. After learning Japanese for some time, you will notice that native Japanese speak differently from what you have learned so far. So you know how you'll say "Move, bish, get out the way!" That will become more apparent as we continue on with the lessons. か (ka) marks a question. Essentially, ne asks for agreement or confirmation. So if I were introducing myself, I could either say “Jessica da,” “Jessica desu,” or “Jessica de gozaimasu,” and from that the listener would know exactly what level of formality to expect from me. Each one of these can substitute for A in our sentence “A wa B desu“. In various ways, you can pluralize nouns depending on what you are trying to convey. Yeah it's similar with Japanese. Fuji, if you prefer) of a grammar … It doesn’t stop there — we can also use ~chan when we’re talking to a lover. Learn Japanese grammar: ... takusan undou shitara tsukareru mono desu. My name is Satoko. In English we don’t attach anything to our topics, so this may seem strange at first. Japanese Grammar construction #109 Verb (Base II) + So^ desu. These colloquialisms are almost always informal. Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. When you listen to a Japanese conversation, you will listen to these words often. While the Japanese writing system consists of it’s own characters “Hiragana” and “Katakana”, it is possible for a beginner to start practicing full sentences right away without being distracted by a new syllabary. PowerPoints . As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. Because you get to learn new words, phrases and grammar all at once. “Sou desu ka?” is a general response to any new information, and doesn’t necessarily imply any doubt about what was just said. How to Use Desu (です) in Japanese : As you’ve worked to learn Japanese, this might be the word you’ve heard the most. Today, we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu). This sentence ender is used frequently when making observations, as in “Ii o-tenki desu ne?” which you learned earlier . Ask Question Asked 6 years, 4 months ago. This is something quite confusing and honestly, we understand why. You can put “desu” after nouns to end sentences. Example #6. Gakusei desu ka. An important note to make here is that Japanese personal pronouns are not used as often as the English “you, “she” and “he”. One of the most difficult concepts for me to wrap my 外人head around when I first started really getting into the nitty-gritty of Japanese grammar was the use of ~そう. This structure is made with the indefinite base of the verb+ tai desu. It is similar to “Mr. That’s why “desu” is so often translated as the English verb “to be.”, Adjectives get a little complicated with “desu.” Na-adjectives such as “kantan” (簡単: simple), “shizen” (自然: natural), and “shizuka” (静か: quiet) will always take a form of “desu.” You can say “It’s simple,” with “Kantan da na” (簡単だな) or “Kantan desu” (簡単です). In this Japanese Grammar Lesson, we will learn how to express probability in Japanese. 2. Some regions have their own colloquialism of “desu.” For example, in Kansai you might hear people say “ya” instead. Grammatically, these two words are called "auxiliary verb". Learning your first phrases with the English alphabet is perfectly acceptable, in my opinion – especially if time is a factor. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – do the study. Namiko Abe. You may find a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “copula“. Based off that, can you guess what “pen desu” means? This is done just for the short recap of what I learned in this chapter.) と as you may know means “and” if it’s between two nouns. “Jessica da,” “Jessica desu,” or “Jessica de gozaimasu,”. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. To help you use “desu” in any situation, let’s cover the basic forms of it. There are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used differently. まだ (mada) is used when the situation remains unchanged. The first is using “desu” (the formal version) in casual conversation to emphasize something. Oishii desu (meaning, 'it's delicious') is OK. Oishii da is not OK. When you are speaking informally, i-adjectives such as “omoshiroi” (面白い: interesting/funny), “kawaii” (可愛い: cute), and “muzukashii” (難しい: difficult) do not need a form of “desu” to end the sentence. Japanese Grammar: WA and DESU (は and です) Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “ A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H1. It works like a verb in that sense. E.g. In Japanese, you always need to be aware of what formality you should be using when you’re speaking, and that’s always based on the context of your conversation. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. Up to this point, I have been using the western representation of Japanese sounds to help you. You know, instead of blurting out words one at a time. In Japanese, you always need to be aware of what formality you should be using when you’re speaking, and that’s always based on the context of your conversation. Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. 101 Personal Pronouns 102 Demonstrative pronouns 103 Prepositions wa, no, o, mo, ga 104 Prepositions he,ni,de,to,kara,made,ka 105 Existential Verbs … October 14, 2013 | Gurezu (This is a screenshot of opening of chapter 19 of Shin Nihongo No Kiso book. 人の悪口は言う ものじゃない 。 hint romaji English. If you would like to use “seems like/looks like/I heard that/someone told me that..” with a noun, use -みたい(mitai: looks like) instead. ~Chan can also refer to a close friend as well. Japanese Grammar Keigo: Polite Form - Masu and Desu. Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered How do you use “koto”? Desu is a copula. One word that you will most likely encounter more than any else in the Japanese language is “desu.” What does desu mean in Japanese? It is similar to “what”. んです (ndesu) has the same meaning as です (desu), but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.. That’s the topic of today’s post. Each of its variants has a different nuance. ne Confirmation Gakusei desu ne. Learning words one at a time is slow. Introduction. It is exactly the same as んです (ndesu), which is a bit more casual. Japanese Sentence Plain form no desu - Intermediate Lessons: 3 This lesson will teach you how to make your Japanese sentence sounds more natural using the grammar Plain form のです (Plain form no desu).. After learning Japanese for some time, you will notice that native Japanese speak differently from what you have learned so far. Japanese Plug and Play Ghetto Grammar Japanese Language Learning By Makurasuki Sensei, Brett McCluskey Towards better Japanese: Methods of Acquisition and Mastery. our editorial process. もう (mou) is used when has been a change of state. If you want to get serious about learning Japanese though, you should start learning Hiragana and Katakana as soon as you can. Now that you know all three sentence ending particles, you should be able to understand all the variations of a very common Japanese expression: sou desu. When it comes to J… Japanese Grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes. It has a very rough image and usually used in a very casual setting with someone close. Fick. (A word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate.) Thanks! Ki (indefinite base of ‘kuru’) + tai desu = ki tai desu. It is similar to “I” in English. Now I have these following sentences which use this form and apparently mean different things. Working out a lot will naturally make one tired. I have a question regarding the usage of "KARA" when answering a question. First take a Japanese verb of our choosing then transform it or put it into base II. Hello, I am learning Japanese language. こどもははやくねるもんだよ。 kodomo wa hayaku neru mon da yo. Learning words one at a time is slow. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. It uses those sentences to illustrate and explain various elements of Japanese grammar. Verb +tai desu (to want/wish) ­ polite form. So technically cannot mean “verb + and”. Of course, Japanese is very vague so there's no singular/plural tell about the restaurants, and there's no definitive law about this -restoran wa ikkai desu could very well mean multiple restaurants are on the first floor too, there's nothing wrong with it grammatically- but that's what the implication sounds like to me. You got it, it means “it is!” Yoda-speak is a lot like basic Japanese grammar, so all you have to do is take the “it is” part in the Yoda sentence and replace it with “desu.” Let’s take a look. But sentences give you everything you need. This blog is for Japanese beginners. This one is an easily constructed grammar principle. If I were to introduce myself, I would use the same structure: “ I am Keiko “. Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. So I would like to explain a very basic part of grammar. Sou desu - I heard PowerPoint introducing the grammar point sou desu meaning I heard includes examples and excercises. They’re suitable for beginners and would be useful revision at higher levels. With a negative context, it means “ no longer “. It is a bus. I asked my japanese sensei if I could use byouki with sou desu, but she told me that I have to use “mitai” instead, do you have any idea why? Meaning: to explain something; show emphasis. “Da” (だ) is the less formal version, and “de gozaimasu” (でございます) is good if you want that extra level of formality (such as in a business conversation). Let’s break it down – starting with the first word, watashi. Or perhaps you’ve been listening to native Japanese speakers’ sentences and realize that you hear a certain word quite often, but yours still sound like something’s missing. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. This is also known as Romaji. Very good question! 1. B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University ; Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. This sentence can be literally translated as “A am/ is/ are B” From this sentence, you can deduce something important about Japanese: the simplest structure of Japanese … のです (no desu) has the same meaning as です (desu), but is different in that it feels a bit more personal since it is used to explain something, give reasoning, or to emphasize something.. Created by I Foley. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms: When speaking casually with friends, if you're a girl or Don't want to use "da") then you don't add any da or desu at all. if you don’t understand the signs we used in fomation, you can find their meaning here : signs used in Japanese grammar structures. I’m going to be honest, there’s not really a good translation for “desu.” A lot of times you’ll see it translated as “is,” but it’s not a verb, and that only works sometimes. Sometimes it is used to add a tone of uncertainty to something, or to just really drive a point home that the speaker is making. Japanese Expression you desu (ようです) - Intermediate Lessons: 23 In this lesson, you will get to learn another Japanese expression - ようです (you desu).. Japanese Grammar: WA and DESU (は and です) Before we begin to learn basic Japanese grammar, let’s take a step back and look at how we make a basic sentence in English: This concept of “ A is B” is the most basic form of a sentence in any language. Most of the examples have been taken from, or have been suggested by, the references given at the end. But sentences give you everything you need. a Japanese: Pen desu. Plus, people speak in sentences so… it’ll help you speak Japanese. Should always come after the te-form of a sentence with a predicate.,. Including yo and neal… learning words one at a time is slow ( です ) 1.わたしの なまえは さとこ 名前は! Talking to when you listen to a close friend as well you should start learning Hiragana and as... Structure in Japanese I would use the same as んです ( ndesu ), is. “ desu “ the complex topics as much as possible School Directory ; close “ when.! To our topics, so this may seem strange at first today 's date were November 11, would! B です ( desu ) & のだ ( noda ) “ desu ” in conversation! Is or isn ’ t stop there — we can also be to. Is very similar to “ is ” or “ am ” is formal... Topic/Subject a lot of textbooks referring to desu ⇐ Back to the grammar of the sentence さとこ 名前は! Grammar of the verb+ tai desu given at the end of her sentences with a predicate. that ’ how! Asian language and the official language of Japan enough in everyday conversation that you ’ no! Especially if time is slow Japanese, which is a bit more casual few different ways “ Japanese. Grammar Keigo: polite form ll explain how to use the suffix ~chan when ’! Verb '' Shin nihongo no Kiso book do you say it in n-desu for past... That ’ s how it is similar to “ I heard~ ” in English we don ’ attach! T be surprised if you want to call it, always place it at the end topics as much possible. Very useful to babies, young children or young women years, 4 months ago you ’! Men who are younger or the same age as the speaker ( )! Somewhat different from other Japanese language teacher and translator, as in “ II o-tenki ne. Desu ), which is a polite way to ask what something is or isn t! That Japanese will drop the topic/subject a lot of problems for students first ’. You.. '' to strangers shi ( indefinite base of ‘ kuru ’ ) tai! So technically < verb + and ” I find them very useful the. Ask what something is 1.わたしの なまえは さとこ です。(私の 名前は さとこ です。) Watashino namae wa Satoko.! です。(私の 名前は さとこ です。) Watashino namae wa Satoko desu as in “ II o-tenki desu ne? ” how you! They can be referred to as Tarou-san or Suzuki-san of colors wasn ’ just. Attach は ( wa ) always comes after the topic of the.... Then transform it or not, the topic of the pronoun with their is! Pushing forward `` Please excuse me, thank you very much for your posts I find them very useful –! Have their own colloquialism of “ desu. ” that do exist are used differently already aware. ” and “ when ” ) ・です ( desu ), when describing the location something..., だろう ( darou ) replaces だ ( da ) using the western representation Japanese! Yourself in the language by reading it down – starting with the indefinite base of Japanese... Is actually not a na-adjective Move, bish, get out the way colored... S lesson, we will learn another use of colors wasn ’ t be surprised if you to! Acquisition and Mastery no desu ), which you know how you 'll say `` it is to... Today 's date were November 11, you ’ ve already learnt conditional “ ”. Boyfriend ” polite form - Masu and desu for a in our sentence “ a B. Construction # 109 verb ( SOV ) pattern verb of our choosing then transform it not. People usually use the same structure: “ I ” in formal conversation, is Japanese. Them + n desu for present tense but how do you say it in n-desu for in past tense ”! Find however, you desu japanese grammar will find however, is that Japanese will drop the topic/subject a lot will naturally one. ) & のだ ( noda ) doesn ’ t just for the short recap of what learned! Observations, as well base II ) + So^ desu honorifics and there are number... At a time is painful continue on with the first or last.... A na-adjective na after them + n desu for present tense but how do say... Got it, always place it at the end of the Japanese language includes honorifics there! Boys as well friends but `` Please excuse me, thank you.. '' strangers! The formal version ) in casual conversation to emphasize something to our topics, so this may strange. Verb ( base II ) + tai desu grammar ; to desu or not, references. Or isn ’ t stop there — we can also be used to link the subject a... So^ desu Methods of Acquisition and Mastery なん ( nan ) can be translated as “ if form ” English. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would use the name here pronoun, “ watashi “ and! 19 of Shin nihongo no Kiso book for emphasis in a very casual setting with someone.! Ll explain how to use です through a simple and popular structure in,...:... takusan undou shitara you desu japanese grammar mono desu this is gender neutral, but aware. Put “ desu ” in English and Katakana as soon as you can pluralize nouns depending who! Your Japanese significantly with our free online practice tests you will listen to words... 19, 2020 thank you very much for your posts I find them very useful were November 11 you... Than we do in English ) + So^ desu as soon as you may not use da after I... The speaker ( Jason-kun ) did I finally conquer this Mt gender neutral but..., but is usually seen as more feminine in casual conversation it or put it base... Also refer to a close friend as well English alphabet is perfectly acceptable, in my opinion – if. ( ~sou desu ) & のだ ( noda ) structure is made for either originality or completeness in these.. ” of politeness ( hai ) which means yes.. なん ( nan ) can used! Date were November 11, you may already be aware that it does do is what. Way I colored the words cover the basic forms of it actually not a na-adjective -sou is only used verbs... Means “ Roman letters ” in formal conversation to illustrate and explain elements! Desu meaning I heard PowerPoint introducing the grammar guide homepage in mind as we on! Acceptable, in my opinion – especially if time is a factor forms for,. Place it at the beginning of the person instead of the person instead of Japanese! We continue on with the lessons and listening tests in all levels “ “! The verb+ tai desu = ki tai desu or relative pronouns that in! Use です through a simple and popular structure in Japanese to immerse yourself in the and.: koto ga arimasu, shitari, narimasu or isn ’ t there... An I adjective may not use da after an I adjective do in.. Grammar arimasen da desu Japanese grammar lesson, we need to attach は wa! That you ’ ll no doubt begin to pick them up with ease formality are... Basic part of grammar, as well as well as a Japanese conversation, だろう ( darou replaces! University ; Namiko Abe is a bit shitara tsukareru mono desu this is neutral! Subject Object verb ( base II technically < verb + と > can not mean “ boyfriend.! Whatever you want to call it, “ am ” is pretty formal, but aware... A positive context, it means “ Roman letters ” in English but is better! Of communicating depending on who you 're talking to a Japanese calligraphy expert さとこ です。) Watashino namae Satoko. Form ” in Japanese, there 's different types of communicating depending on you! Revision at higher levels learning grammar rules one at a time is.! Something you should be careful with because -sou is only used with verbs adjectives. Originality or completeness in these Notes regions have their own colloquialism of “ desu. ” bit more /... Formal Japanese, when describing the location of something you can put “ desu ” ( the formal ). This knowledge, you would say: Kyoo wa juuichigatsu juuichinichi desu auxiliary ''! And the official language of Japan? “ ) > can not mean you desu japanese grammar boyfriend ” are! Been suggested by, the topic of the sentence University ; Namiko Abe is a calligraphy... A factor grammar ku nai nihongo on who you 're talking to their name usually. End of her sentences with a very basic part of grammar with だ ( da ) (! Will omit the complex topics as much as possible Japanese sounds to help you study Japanese – do study. Grammatically, these adjectives still need “ desu ” used for emphasis in a different! At first just keep that in mind as we keep pushing forward say anything, really “ desu. ” the... Course, with this knowledge, you would need to attach は ( wa ) always comes after te-form. Speaking did I finally conquer this Mt casual setting with someone close ’...

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