When they ate the apple, it was the first act of disobedience to God, and sin was in the world. 25", http://www.reformed.org/books/institutes/books/book3/bk3ch25.html, http://www.auburn.edu/~allenkc/chr-univ.html, https://www.ucalgary.ca/~nurelweb/concise/WORDS-S.html, http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/christianity/history.html, Why the Churches of Christ are not a Denomination. Catholicism teaches that although in most cases someone must be baptized a Catholic to be saved, it is sometimes possible for people to be saved who have not fully joined the Catholic Church. Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century CE. The man said to be his father, Joseph, was a carpenter. Jesus was born in Bethlehem in the Middle East over 2,000 years ago. Others say the Spirit comes both from the Father and the Son. Christians follow the teachings of Jesus, a Jewish man who many believed was the promised Messiah written about in the Old Testament. This would mean that Salvation is God bringing humans into a right relationship with God through faith in Jesus Christ. (John 3:16), to teach people to forgive each other and repent of their own sin through, to "destroy the devil's work" (1 John 3 v 8), to help people share in his life through the gift of, Chi Rho - The Greek letters Chi and Rho are the first two letters of 'Christ' in Greek: Christos. Christians believe the resurrection of Jesus to be the main part of their faith (see 1 Corinthians 15) and the most important event in human history because it would show that Jesus has power over death and has the authority to give people eternal life. The Christians in Western Europe were led by the Bishop of Rome, known also as the Pope. Christianity actually has lots of denominations but is often divided into three main branches, which are Catholicism, Orthodox, and Protestantism. In England, a similar protest against the Pope, first political and later religious, led to the Church of England which has bishops and officially calls itself Reformed Catholic but is often referred to as Protestant. However, his disciples believed him to be much more than that: they believed that Jesus was God's one and only son who was sent down to earth to die on a cross for their sins. The ancient Romans gave us Roman numerals, sewer systems, and Julius Caesar. This idea, called Trinity, was started at the First Council of Nicaea, in 325, and developed during several church meetings or councils. Some Christian denominations prefer to call them ordinances. It is a monotheistic religion, meaning it has only one God.. Groups have different ideas on the nature of God. The Kingdom of Aksum became the first empire to adopt Christianity. Through this, they believe they are given salvation and eternal life. Christmas Bible Facts - A Free Christian Bible Study Resource We hope that this Christmas Bible Facts article will provide useful information and ideas for those following a Bible Study plan. Jesus' death and resurrection are remember by Christians in their worship services, and most commonly during Holy Week, which has Good Friday and Easter Sunday in the week. Through history the ten main groups or "denominations" of Christianity have been the (Eastern) Orthodox, the Church of the East (Nestorian), the Oriental Orthodox (Miaphysite), the Catholic, the Anglican, the Lutheran, the Reformed, the Anabaptist, the Evangelical, and the Nontrinitarian churches. Most Christians place his death on a Friday each year, which is the first day of his death. The largest Non-Chalcedonian Churches are the Coptic Orthodox in Egypt, the Ethiopian Orthodox, the Armenian, and some Lebanese Orthodox Churches. Ustorf. To most of the people of his time Jesus was a preacher, teacher, healer, and prophet from ancient Judea. Although it was originally persecuted under the Roman Empire, it later became the state religion. Top 10 facts Christianity is the world’s largest religion. The Anglican communion of churches includes several churches called "Episcopal" or "Episcopalian" because they have bishops. Some of the Biblical writings of Jesus' ministry are: his baptism, miracles, preaching, teaching, and deeds. The largest Protestant denominations today are within Evangelical, Lutheran, and Reformed Christianity. Tell these jolly good Christmas facts to your kids. Christianity ("lesson" is the powerpoint) Christianity Begins. Jesus was born in approximately 7 BC and it is believed he began teaching in Galilee after his 30 th year. Summer Gallardo. Catholic spirituality often involves the use of statues and other artistic representations, candles, incense, and other physical items as reminders or aids to prayer. It is believed by Christians that they were written by people who were inspired by the Holy Spirit, and therefore it is most often believed to be the word of God. During the Age of Exploration, Christianity expandedthroughout the world, and is now the largest religion of the world. In modern times, the rise of atheism and scientific challenges to the traditional Christian story of creation have caused some to believe in "Young Earth Creationism", or a literal interpretation of the first chapters of the Bible, and others to argue that those parts of the Bible are not literally true, but more like poetry. People who follow Christianity are called Christians. Under his leadership, Christians could no longer be arrested just for being Christian. The Oriental Orthodox Churches agree with the ideas in the First Council of Nicaea, but they disagree with other councils. This collection of facts about Christianity is colossal. Not all Christians use these titles. This includes the "Last Judgment" as well as the belief of a judgement particular to the soul after death. Most Catholics use seven Sacraments: Baptism, the ritual immersion of a candidate to welcome them into the church; Confirmation, the sealing of the Covenant; the Eucharist, a ritual where consecrated bread (discs of unleavened, toasted bread) and wine representing Jesus' body and blood are consumed; Holy Orders, Reconciliation of a Penitent (confession), Anointing of the Sick, and Marriage. Christians think of Jesus Christ as a teacher, a role model, and someone who revealed who the Christian God was. Chapel of Saint Ananias, Damascus, Syria, an early example of a Christian house of worship; built in the 1st century AD, The Monastery of St. Matthew, located atop Mount Alfaf in northern Iraq, is recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence, Christendom by A.D. 600 after its spread to Africa and Europe from the Middle East, Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, where he preached the First Crusade, Martin Luther initiated the Reformation with his Ninety-five Theses in 1517, Michelangelo's 1498-99 Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica; the Catholic Church was among the patronages of the Renaissance, A depiction of Madonna and Child in a 19th-century Kakure Kirishitan Japanese woodcut, A Christian procession in Brazil, the country with the largest Catholic population in the world, Pope Francis, the current leader of the Catholic Church, The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow is the tallest Eastern Orthodox Christian church in the world, A 6th-century Nestorian church, St. John the Arab, in the Assyrian village of Geramon in Hakkari, southeastern Turkey, Historical chart of the main Protestant branches. 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